THE READINESS OF A NATIONAL ECONOMY TO FUTURE PRODUCTION IN THE CONTEXT OF R&D INTENSITY OF GDP
Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
Nauka naukozn. 2022, 4(118): 03–31
Section: Science and Innovation-driven Development of Economy and Society
Abstract: The study is aimed at investigating factors and problems of creating effective tools and mechanisms for a new model of science and innovation policy in Ukraine in the context of the influence of the growth in the potential of R&D intensive GDP of the national economy on achieving the potential of its readiness for future R&D intensive production; substantiation of the need for creating a new model of the science and innovation policy in Ukraine even in the conditions of warfare and defining its features in a strategic perspective. The research is based on the principles of a problem-oriented concept, traditional and special methods of scientific knowledge. Its empirical basis is data from the report of the World Economic Forum (WEF) “Readiness for the future of production 2018” and data of the World Bank. The relevance of the study is determined by the fact that the current global socio-economic progress is closely associated with the readiness of economically developed countries for future R&D intensive production. The problem of improving the mechanisms of the science and innovation policy of Ukraine, aimed at achieving the appropriate level of readiness of its economy for future R&D intensive production was investigated by the methodology of the abovementioned WEF report, as well as and by an author’s method with involving data on 100 countries that had been studied by the WEF. Based on the results of the study, it is proposed to take into account at least three intervals of growth in the potential of the R&D capacity of GDP, which can be used as an effective tool to support political decisions on implementation of a specific model for the science and innovation policy. It is demonstrated that Ukrainian authorities need to take radical political decisions aimed at increasing the potential of R&D intensity of GDP of the national economy as part of a new model of the science and innovation policy to the most acceptable level in the range of 1.28–2.9% of GDP even in the warfare conditions, which is supposed to contribute to the fastest possible reconstruction of the national R&D intensive economy in the post-war period.
Keywords: potential of the readiness of the country’s economy for future R&D intensive production, potential of production drivers, potential of structural factors of production, investment potential of research and development sector, model of science and innovation policy of socio-economic progress, R&D intensity of GDP.
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