Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine

Nauka naukozn. 2020, 3(109): 16-33


Section: Science and Innovation-driven development of economy and society

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The relevance of the study is due to the peripheral status of R&D and innovation in the economic system of Ukraine. Its aim is to identify the characteristics and problems of modern strategic R&D intensive and innovation policy in the global socio-economic context, and to justify the need for a new model of the national innovation policy for the socio-economic progress. The study is made using general scientific and statistical methods, domestic and foreign analytical sources, and international statistics.

It is emphasized that since the beginning of the 21th century developed countries have been actively implementing a new model of the national innovation policy, aiming to revive industrial production (reindustrialization) on the innovation grounds mainly through exploiting internal regional resources of R&D and innovation.

The Ukrainian economy is dominated in our days by regional economies of industrial agrarian rather than agrarian-industrial type, which are incapable to promote an industrial development driven in a strategic perspective by competition, R&D and innovation, i. e. an economic model capable to reduce the socio-economic risks associated with integration in the global and European research and innovation area. It is demonstrated that such a model cannot be implemented unless an ambitious national strategy for R&D and innovation driven development is elaborated, based on a system mechanism of cluster-network building and development of R&D intensive industry and national-regional innovation infrastructures; its operation has to rely upon Regional Research Centers of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Ministry for Education and Science of Ukraine.

It is shown that the Ukrainian economy, which continues to be peripheral in the innovation terms in the global socio-economic context, still has a chance to become competitive due to opportunities to increase the potential of production complexity, high technology and human capital, given that Ukraine still remains a country with the rocket and space industry.

Keywords: strategy of “new industrialization”, re-industrialization, R&D and innovation driven development, competitiveness, socio-economic environment, industry, readiness for future production, Regional Research Centers of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine and the Ministry for Education and Science of Ukraine, rocket and space industry.


  1. Belov, V. The new industrial strategy of Germany — a return to conducting? Retrieved from www.instituteofeurope.ru/publications/analytics (last accessed: 14.10.2019) [in Russian].
  2. Zhalilo, Ya. A. (2009). Theory and practice of formation of effective economic strategy of the state. Kyiv: NISD. 336 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Ukrinform. Retrieved from https://www.ukrinform.net/rubric-economy/2859496-ukrainedown-in-bloomberg-innovation-index.html (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Ukrainian].
  4. Hamel, G. Strategy as Revolution. Harvard Business Review. Retrieved from https://hbr. org/1996/07/strategy-as-revolution (last accessed: 30.04.2020).
  5. Hamel. G., Prahalad, C.K. Competing for the Future. Retrieved from https://atumidt. dk/…/hamel_prahalad_1994_competing-for-t… (last accessed: 30.04.2020).
  6. Pobyvaev, S.A., Tolkachev, S.A. (2015). Reindustrialization in the USA and the EU. The world of the new economy, 2, 29—36. Retrieved from https://wne.fa.ru/jour/issue/archive (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Russian].
  7. The Future of Manufacturing Opportunities to drive economic growth. World Economic Forum. Geneva. April 2012. Retrieved from https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=& esrc=s&source=web&cd=1&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=2ahUKEwj-gavt_7TnAhV2AhAIHcn 3A1sQFjAAegQIBhAB&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nist.gov%2Fdocument%2Ffuture-m anufacturing42012pdf&usg=AOvVaw2ztCUr7gqcDL32oQSXYprT. (last accessed: 30.04.2020).
  8. Lenchuk, E. (2016). The course towards a new industrialization — the global trend of economic development. Forecasting problems, 3(156), 132—143. Retrieved from https:// cyberleninka.ru/article/n/kurs-na-novuyu-industrializatsiyu-globalnyy-trendekonomicheskogo-razvitiya (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Russian].
  9. Dezhina, I., Ponomarev, A. (2014). Promising production technologies: new accents in the development of industry. Foresight, 2, 16—29. Retrieved from https://foresight-journal.hse. ru/archive.html (last accessed: 26.12.2019) [in Russian].
  10. Zakharov, A.N. (2018). Prospects for the reindustrialization of developed economies (USA, Canada and Australia). Bulletin of MGIMO-University, 1(58), 213—245. Retrieved from https://vestnik.mgimo.ru/jour/article/view/758 (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Russian]. https://doi.org/10.24833/2071-8160-2018-1-58-213-245
  11. LSU faculty lead efforts to win $20 million grant to form Louisiana Advanced Manufacturing Consortium. EurekAlert! Science News. 03.08.2015. Retrieved from https://www.eurekalert. org/pub_releases/2015-08/lsu-lfl080315.php.
  12. Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). Retrieved from http://ecsocman.hse.ru/text/20089159/ (last accessed: 10.01.2020) [in Russian].
  13. Varnavsky, V.G. (2015). US Global Manufacturing Competitiveness. World economy and international relations, 2, 34—46. Retrieved from https://www.imemo.ru/jour/meimo/index. php?page_id=1248&file=https://www.imemo.ru/files/File/magazines/meimo/02_2015/34-46_VARNAVSKII.pdf (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Russian].
  14. United Nations Industrial Development Organization, 2015. Industrial Development Report 2016. The role of technology and innovation in inclusive and sustainable industrial development. Overview. Vein. Retrieved from https://www.unido.org/sites/…/2015…/EBOOK_ IDR2016_OVERVIEW_RUSSIAN_0…. (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Russian].
  15. The Readiness for the Future of Production Report 2018. Retrieved from https://www3. weforum.org/docs/FOP_Readiness_Report_2018 .pdf. (last accessed: 30.04.2020).
  16. Ukrainian space (2018). Kyiv: Space-Inform Center, 80 [in Ukrainian].
  17. Golubeva, E. Memories of former glory. Why the Ukrainian space industry fell into decay. Retrieved from https://112.ua/statji/vospominaniya-o-byloy-slave-pochemu-ukrainskaya-kosmicheskaya-otrasl-prishla-v-upadok-494645.html (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Russian].
  18. Kuznetsov, E., Bondar, M. (2017). High horizons of space science. Mirror of the week. 25. Ret rieved from https://dt.ua/macrolevel/visoki-obriyi-kosmichnoyi-nauki-247127_.html (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Ukrainian].
  19. Space exploration in the space economy. Retrieved from http://www.unoosa.org/documents/ pdf/copuos/stsc/2016/symp-01E.pdf. (last accessed: 30.04.2020).
  20. Ukraine remains in the club of world space powers, however, due to underfunding, the potential of the industry continues to decline. Retrieved from http://www.newsep.com.ua/ new/1166 (last accessed: 30.04.2020 ) [in Russian].
  21. Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine of March 30, 2011 No 238-p “On approval of the Concept of the implementation of state policy in the field of space activities for the period up to 2032”. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/238-2011%D1%80 … (last accessed: 30.04.2020) [in Ukrainian].

Full Text (PDF)