1Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine

Nauka naukozn. 2019, 2(104): 4-16

Section: The 90th Anniversary Gennady Dobrov
Language: Russian
Abstract: The study is devoted to the role of G.M. Dobrov, an outstanding Kyiv researcher of science policy and technology history, in the rise of science policy studies and establishing the professional corps of sciences policy researchers in Ukraine. The process of professional development of G.M. Dobrov is shown, above all, by means of a comparative analysis of scientific fates of him and V.V. Danilevskiy, his predecessor in the field of science and technology history. During his rather short scientific life, G.M. Dobrov could prepare 53 doctors and candidates of sciences, striking thereby a record, which proves his brilliant talent and high qualities of teacher and research administrator. An extended review of dissertations defended by Dobrov’s disciples, made in the article, can be subject of interest not only in quantitative terms of professional training, but also in the context of change in the thematic coverage of studies. While earliest works focused on planning and management of the scientific potential, in the subsequent period the problems of mission-oriented management the scientific potential were addressed. Earlier works on quantitative statistical analysis and assessment of the scientific potential gave rise to the analytical forecasting of the scientific potential, including its factors (personnel, effectiveness, information), and forecasting of technology and technical parameters. The next step in expanding the thematic coverage was related with applications of the knowledge base to various dimensions of the economy (territories, industries and companies). Special emphasis was made on methodological developments for science and technology forecasting. In the meantime, problems of assessing the performance of the scientific potential, training and utilization of research staff were never withdrawn from research programs of Dobrov’s team. As the time following Dobrov’s death is radically different from his era in terms of domestic demand for R&D and conditions for engaging young people in science policy studies, the problem of preserving the research staff and the merit of research work has been a core research subject for Dobrov’s team.

Keywords: science, science policy studies, researcher in science policy studies, scientific poten tial, science and technology progress, Institute for Cybernetics of the Academy of Sciences of the UkrSSR, research.


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