1.8

OLEKSANDR BOGOMOLETS AND THE ACTIVITIES OF THE ACADEMY OF SCIENCES OF UKRAINE IN TIMES OF HIS PRESIDENCY (1930—1946)

 

1 YU.K. DUPLENKO

1 National University “Kyiv-Mohyla Academy”

 

Nauka naukozn. 2019, 3(105): 94-105

https://doi.org/10.15407/sofs2019.03.094

 

Section: Science and technology history

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article is devoted to the personality of O.O. Bogomolets, President of the Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in 1930—1946. It is shown that after the finishing of the medical faculty of Kiev University, a key role in shaping the worldview of the future scientist was played by the I.I. Mechnikov’s student, professor V.V. Podvysotsky, who headed the Department of General Pathology. As noted, it is communication with Mechnikov’s scientific school prompted Bogomolets to study the problems of immunity and reactivity. Article also emphasized influence of another Novorossiysk professor, M.G. Ushinsky, who introduced O.O. Bogomolets to the ideas of the outstanding pathologist V.V. Pashutin and to bacteriological studies.

Considerable attention is paid to the role of O.O. Bogomolets in upgrading the structure of the Ukrainian Academy of Sciences: the creation of institutions instead of individual laboratories, departments and offices that existed before, providing them with equipment at the modern scientific and technical level and attracting young researchers to the institutes of the Academy. The scientific works of the scientist are analyzed, which mainly concern the study of the reactivity of the organism in the normal and pathological state. It is emphasized that the research of O.O. Bogomolets influenced the development of almost all areas of pathological physiology. He created the concept of the physiological system of connective tissue, developed and introduced into practice antireticular cytotoxic serum (ACS) as an effective remedy for various diseases, where the stimulation of protective forces of the organism and reparative processes is needed.

Keywords: Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, president, general pathology, institute, physiology, antireticular cytotoxic serum.

REFERENCES 

 

  1. Vasilev, K.G., Nushtaev, I.A. (2010). Academician A.A. Bogomolets in Odessa. Odessa: UNII, 80 [in Russian].
  2. Bogomolets, O.A. (1992). Scientific school of Alexander Alexandrovich Bogomolets. Mathematical science: history fragments (pp. 247-291). Kiev: Naukova dumka [in Russian].
  3. Duplenko, Yu.K. (1985). Ageing: Essays on development of the issue. Lеningrad: Nauka, 187 [in Russian].
  4. Archive of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, form 251, register 1, case 179, sheets 1-6 [in Ukrainian].
  5. Bogomolets, A.A. (1947). The main areas of my work. Arch. pathology, vol. 9, issue 3, 3-14 [in Russian].
  6. Ilgamov, M.A., Saitova, M.A. (2001). “Like travelers by the joint fire …”. The Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR in Bashkiria during the Great Patriotic War. Bulletin of the Russian Academy of Sciences, vol. 71, issue 6, 550-559 [in Russian].
  7. Archive of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, form 251, register 1, case 88, sheet 297 [in Ukrainian].
  8. Bogomolets, O.O. (1942). During the first half of the Great Patriotic War (an introductory speech at the opening meeting of the Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian SSR, 12th January 1942). Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of Ukrainian SSR, 1, 9-15 [in Ukrainian].
  9. Pitsyk, N.Ye. (1962). Man with a great dream. Kiev: Molod, 304 [in Ukrainian].
  10. The Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine, form 1, register 14, case 436, sheet 16; case 871, sheet 5 [in Ukrainian].
  11. Paton, B.Ye. (Eds.). (2008). The National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. 19182008: dedicated to the 90th anniversary of its founding. Kyiv: KMM, 624 [in Ukrainian].
  12. Archive of the Russian Academy of Sciences, form 1585, register 2, case 134, sheets 2–2 overleaf [in Russian].
  13. Eisenman, B.E. (1993). Institute of Microbiology during the war. Microbiological journal, vol. 55, issue 5, 4-8 [in Russian].
  14. Archive of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, form 251, register 1, case 88, sheet 5 [in Ukrainian].
  15. The Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine, form 1, register 23, case 91, sheets 44-68 [in Ukrainian].
  16. Archival Institute of Vernadsky National Library of Ukraine, form 27, register 2, case 60, sheets 177-177 overleaf [in Ukrainian].
  17. Archive of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, form 251, register 1, case 154, sheet 5 [in Ukrainian].
  18. Archive of the Presidium of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, form 251, register 1, case 179, sheets 1-6 overleaf [in Ukrainian].
  19. The Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine, form 1, register 70, case 239, sheet 148 [in Ukrainian].
  20. Drozd, V.G. (1977). Life rhythms. Kyiv: Molod, 256 [in Ukrainian].

Full Text (PDF)