https://orcid.org/0000-0003-1650-066X ,


https://orcid.org/0000-0001-7957-1794 ,



1 National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine

2 Institute of Higher Education of the National Academy of Pedagogical Sciences of Ukraine

Nauka naukozn. 2020, 1(107): 3-21


Section: Problems of the development of science and technology potential

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The 597 acts of awarding 950 Nobel Prize winners (including the Prize in Economic Sciences) in various nominations during 1901—2019 were analyzed in order to identify trends and specifics of authors’ integration and differentiation in top researches. It is determined a steady tendency to increasing the team approach to research (research collectivization) in the fields of Physics, Chemistry, Physiology and Medicine, Economic Sciences as opposed to individual approach that was at the initial stage of awarding the Prize. It is argued that the integration of research activities in modern conditions naturally ensures stronger competitiveness of results in the search for objective truth, given the status of the Prize as an indicator of the greatest world achievements. At the same time, globalization, which contributes to the consolidation of disparate research, is not, by itself, a decisive factor of integration benefits in producing objective knowledge, since it retains the individual character of activity in the case of the creation of literary images through their inherent subjectivity. The dissemination of multi-authorship in cutting-edge research has been confirmed by publications in the well-known, highly cited multidisciplinary journal “Nature” with an impact factor 43 as well as this periodical’ editorial policy concerning authors. The strengthening of the role of research collectivization (team approach) was also reflected in the introduction of a crosscutting key criterion for international joint authorship in the academic subjects’ version of the most objective and authoritative ranking of world-class Universities (ARWU). Therefore, it is advisable to motivate, and support research activities based on team approach, to create conditions for the consolidation of scientific groups and teams in order to ensure the top research achievements.

Keywords: authors’ integration and differentiation in research, Nobel Prize, individual and collective laureates, multi-authorship, tendency to enhancement of research activities integration.


  1. On approval of the Order of awarding scientific degrees: Resolution of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 24 July 2013, No 567. Retrieved from https://zakon.rada.gov.ua/ laws/show/567-2013-%D0%BF (last accessed: 3 January 2020) [in Ukrainian].
  2. Mryhlod, O.I., Nazarovets, S.A. (2019). Scientometrics and management of scientific activities: once again about the global and Ukrainian.Bulletin of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 9, 81—94 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Lugovyi, V.I., Talanova, Zh.I. (2013). Complexity and autonomy correlation in education. Pedagogics and psychology. Newsletter of the NAES of Ukraine, 4, 50—58 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Vashulenko, O.S., Kostrytsia, O.P., Popovych, O.S. (2019). Evolution of the dependence of publication activity of researchers from age for the last half of century. Bulletin of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, 3, 79—84 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.15407/visn2019.03.079
  5. Malitskyi, B.A. et al. (2018). National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: statistical and scientometric analysis of the effectiveness of scientific potential. V.L. Bogdanov (chief ed.). Kyiv.: Fenix [in Ukrainian].
  6. Popovych, O. (2019). Scientific and technological and innovation policy: basic mechanisms of formation and realization. B.A. Malitskyi (ed.). Kyiv: Pro format, 342 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Popovych, A.S., Kostrytsa, E.P. (2018). The evolution of R&D personnel: forecasting and regulation. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing RU, 93 [in Russian].
  8. On Scientific and Scientific-Technical Activity: Law of Ukraine dated 26 November 2015, No 848-VIII. Retrieved from http://zakon3.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/848-19 (last accessed: 3 January 2020) [in Ukrainian].
  9. On Education: Law of Ukraine dated 1 July 2014, No 1556-VII. Retrieved from http://zakon5.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18 (last accessed: 3 January 2020) [in Ukrainian].
  10. Lugovyi, V.I., Slyusarenko, O.M., Talanova, Zh.V. (2017). The law of basic organization of competencies. Pedagogics and psychology. Newsletter of the NAES of Ukraine, 4, 14—29 [in Ukrainian].
  11. Nature. Retrieved from https://www.nature.com/ (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  12. Nature (journal). Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nature_(journal) (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  13. On approval of the list of world rankings of universities to determine the special category of foreigners and stateless persons applying for employment in Ukraine: Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine dated 14 April 2018 No 154-r. Retrieved from http://zakon2.rada. gov.ua/laws/show/154-2018-%D1%80 (last accessed: 3 January 2020) [in Ukrainian].
  14. Methodology for ShanghaiRanking’s Global Ranking of Academic Subjects 2019. Retrieved from https://www.sciencemag.org/ (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  15. Lugovyi, V., Orzhel, O., Slyusarenko, O. & Talanova, Zh. (2018). Education and research duality — the determining characteristic of higher education. Education: Modern Discuorses, 1, 71—88. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.32405/2617-3107-2018-1-8 (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  16. Lugovyi, V., Slyusarenko, O. & Talanova, Zh. (2019). University rating & development: challenges and opportunities for Ukraine. Education: Modern Discourses, 2, 60—77. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.32405/2617-3107-2019-1-8
  17. Lugovyi, V.I., Slyusarenko, O.M., Talanova, Zh.V. (2019). Realization of research and innovation capacities of universities as an integral component in their activities. Science and Science of Science, 3, 26—45 [in Ukrainian]. https://doi.org/10.15407/sofs2019.03.026
  18. Slyusarenko, O.M. (2015). Development of the highest university potential in the conditions of globalization: monograph. Kyiv: Priorytety, 384 [in Ukrainian].
  19. Talanova, Zh.V. (2010). Doctoral training in the world and Ukraine: monograph. Kyiv: Milenium, 476 [in Ukrainian].
  20. The Nobel Prize. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/ (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  21. The Nobel Prize. Retrieved from https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nobel_Prize (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  22. Lugovyi, V., Kalashnikova, S., Slyusarenko, O., Talanova, Zh. (2013). Nobel laureates and top higher education institutions, countries and continents with leading university potential. Higher education of Ukraine: Theoretical and scientific-methodological journal, 4, 10—20 [in Ukrainian].
  23. Kalashnikova, S.A., Lugovyi, V.I., Slyusarenko, O.M., Talanova, Zh.V. (2016). The North American and European higher education areas in the formation of Nobel laureates: lessons for Ukraine. Higher education of Ukraine: Theoretical and scientific-methodological journal, 4 (supplement 2), 91—95 [in Ukrainian].
  24. Nobel Prize facts. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/facts/nobel-prize-facts/ (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  25. All Nobel Prizes in Physics. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/lists/all-nobel-prizes-in-physics (last accessed 3 January 2020).
  26. All Nobel Prizes in Chemistry. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/lists/allnobel-prizes-in-chemistry (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  27. All Nobel Prizes in Physiology or Medicine. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/lists/all-nobel-laureates-in-physiology-or-medicine (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  28. All Nobel Prizes in Economic Sciences. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/ lists/all-prizes-in-economic-sciences (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  29. All Nobel Prizes in Literature. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/lists/allnobel-prizes-in-literature (last accessed: 3 January 2020).
  30. All Nobel Peace Prizes. Retrieved from https://www.nobelprize.org/prizes/lists/all-nobelpeace-prizes (last accessed: 3 January 2020).

Full Text (PDF)