IDENTIFYING ACTUAL PRIORITIES IN SCIENCE AND TECHNOLOGY FINANCING IN THE MINISTRY OF EDUCATION AND SCIENCE OF UKRAINE
Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
Nauka naukozn. 2022, 4(118): 32–65
Section: Problems of the Development of Science and Technology Potential
Abstract: The article is devoted to the implementation of the methodological framework proposed by the author and designed for identifying the actual priorities of R&D projects in the institutions of the Ministry of Education and Science (MES) of Ukraine. Its topicality is related with degradation in the official R&D statistics in the last decade in terms of the coverage of processes in this area and lack of primary statistics for science policy studies during the martial law time. The article contains results of a study aimed at adapting an author’s technique for identifying priority R&D projects with reliance on the capacities of the database containing registration cards of the Ukrainian Institute of Science and Technology Expertise and data formatted by the Rubricator of Science and Technology Information (STI Rubricator). The research methods were system analysis, comparison, grouping and several techniques for processing parametric series and distributions of sets. The databases of the Ukrainian Institute for Science and Technology Expertise and the State Statistics Service of Ukraine were used. The operative peculiarities of MES institutions combining activities in education and R&D were explored, which made the author correct the sample of registration cards, to provide for a comparability between the MES of Ukraine and National Academy of Sciences (NAS) of Ukraine. It was found that the total amounts of new funds raised in the MES of Ukraine in 2017–2018 and 2018–2019 were nearly equal with the total funding in 2018 and 2019 according to data of the State Statistics Service of Ukraine, with deviations being moderate. It follows that given a hypothetic liquidation of the official system designed for reporting on science & technology activities, the database of registration cards would be capable to serve as a source for characterization of its processes. 27 objects at the subclass level of STI Rubricator were identified as actual priority areas of R&D in the MES of Ukraine in 2017– 2019. Prior to this, priority zones were additionally localized at the level of classes of STI Rubricator and research & education institutions subordinated to the MES of Ukraine. Special attention was given to identifying the priority areas in Taras Shevchenko National University and correlating them with the ones at the level of the MES of Ukraine. The author’s method is expected to be refined by using the body of registration cards of R&D for 2020–2021.
Keywords: priority areas of science and technology, R&D project financing, Ministry of Education and Science of Ukraine, Classification of Science and Technology Activities, registration card of R&D projects, Rubricator of Science and Technology Information, high education establishments, newly raised funds.
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