INTEGRATION PROCESSES BETWEEN ACADEMY AND HIGHER EDUCATION SECTORS OF R&D IN UKRAINE: BACKGROUND, FACTORS, PERSPECTIVES
Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
Nauka naukozn. 2020, 1(107): 66-83
Section: Science and education
Abstract: Results of a study devoted to the background and factors determining integration processes in the socio-cultural environment, in particular between the existing entities engaged in R&D and higher education, are given. In its focus is analysis of interactions between historical, sociopolitical and socio-economic processes, phases of country’s transformations and other causally linked conditions triggering integration processes in R&D and higher education. The sources of information are science policy studies about the status of national academies of sciences in European countries and integration processes therein, and studies of transformation processes in the Academy R&D in Ukraine. The analysis shows that whenever the Academy sector and the higher education sector exist in a country, the conditions for their integration processes will be different, depending on the political setting and the type of economy. When the traditional form of economy prevails, the factors and motives for the integration of R&D and higher education entities will be minimal; in the market economy setting they depend on the conjuncture and demand for their results; in the command and administrative setting they are stimulated and controlled by the state; in the mixed economy they are conditional on the government support, on the performance and creativity of R&D and higher education entities; and in the transitional economy they are determined by the depth of transformations and crisis factors. Special attention is paid to a factor like existence or absence of fundamental political and socio-economic transformations in a country. The impact of the technical & technological component and the ICT performance on integration processes in a country is analyzed. It is argued that the ICT development, apart from changing significantly the economic architecture of countries, brings about fundamental transformations in social processes. It is emphasized that integration processes lay the foundation for the phases of post-industrial and information society. Considering that the innovation system cannot develop harmonically unless the high level of innovation culture exists in the society, special attention is paid to analysis of the psychological or human factor. It is shown that this factor is the key to integration processes, to combining the effort of Academy and higher education sectors of R&D for the effective collaborative work.
Keywords: research and development, research and education activities, integration, integration processes, integration factors, transformations, human factor.
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