THE PROGRESS THROUGH RESEARCH AND INNOVATION: THE GERMAN EXPERIENCE IN THE INNOVATION-DRIVEN DEVELOPMENT
1 V.I. ONOPRIENKO,
1 M.V. ONOPRIENKO
1G.M. Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
Nauka naukozn. 2018, 3(101): 75-91
Section: Foreign science. International science and technology cooperation
Abstract: The German experiences in innovation are attractive for many countries, Ukraine in particular, considering some structural similarities of science and technology system, which raises the importance of this study. The article aims to demonstrate advantages of the German’s innovation strategy and its effective social, economic and cultural context for the transitional economies. Information and data contained in the article cover institutional means for promoting technology assessment, including associations (like the Union of German Engineers and the Institute for Technology Assessment and System Analysis) and entities established within the Parliament and executive power bodies; peculiarities of the research and innovation model in Germany, with highlighting “High Tech Strategy 2020 for Germany” and its objectives; the German system of professional education at school and university; the expansion of clusters; the support for small and medium enterprises; the engagement of middle class in innovation processes; innovation infrastructures; instruments for legal and financial support, elaborated by the government; dissemination of Industry-4.0 across the national industry etc.
The study demonstrates that the innovation strategy of Germany, being peculiar and effective, is perfectly built into government policies and political party contests, into the ecology strategy of the government and the contemporary global economy. Its main characteristics are durability and coherence of all the steps and measures, seeking for proper positioning of all the chains of the innovation process and engaging autonomous universities, research centers, big national industries, small and medium enterprises, venture funds and broader public. Innovation capacities of Germany keeps on increasing its parameters, winning the leadership in Europe and the world, diversifying ways for sustaining the really growing quality of life and finding competent solutions for threats and risks emerging in the global community.
Keywords: Union of German Engineers, Institute for Technology Assessment and System Analysis, technology assessment, High Tech Strategy 2020 for Germany, R&D, innovation-driven development, small and medium enterprises, Industry 4.0.
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