1Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine

Nauka naukozn. 2019, 1(103): 46-67

Section: Science and education
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: The present-day phase of human civilization, referred to as the transition to the knowledgebased economy and society, is characterized by new requirements to higher education. The higher education sector, being regarded from the knowledge-based economy perspective as a supplier of high skilled personnel and an effective instrument for knowledge dissemination, determines the global competitive positions of countries. It raises the need for regular monitoring of the tendencies in the higher education sector, underlying its long-term effectiveness.

The essence of global tendencies in higher education in 21 century is highlighted: inclusiveness and dynamism, focus of the education quality on the final result, implementation of life-long and distance learning, diversification and internationalization, individualization, transformation of contents, focus on R&D. The R&D component of the higher education sector is determined by this sector’s contribution in domestic R&D, with analyzing the shares of R&D performers in higher education sector by county and region. It is demonstrated that the R&D component in Ukraine, although resting on the solid legal fundament, still remains marginal if measured by the share of R&D performers in the total R&D performers in the country, which is caused by the specific evolution of the national science and technology system. Problems in the Ukrainian higher education system are outlined. It is shown that the policy of establishing research universities in Ukraine in 2009—2013 was a virtual failure, because instead of radical reforms in university R&D and universities per se on competitive basis, it turned to be a tool for redistributing budget financing in favor of selected universities, while politicians were seeking to manipulate with the research university status to improve their public ratings. The political priorities promoting growth in the numbers of needs skilled staff in the science and technology sector are illustrated. It is argued that any reform in the national sector of higher education needs to focus on reorganization of R&D activities in a way allowing for high quality R&D results rather than on creating new entities within the universities.

Keywords: higher education, higher education establishment, universities, training, research and development.


  1. Unger M., Polt, W. (2017). The Knowledge Triangle between Research, Education and Innovation – A Conceptual Discussion. Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 11, no2, pp.10–26. https://doi.org/10.17323/2500-2597.2017.2.10.26
  2. Cervantes, M. (2017). Higher Education Institutions in the Knowledge Triangle. Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 11, no 2, pp. 27–42. https://doi.org/10.17323/2500-2597.2017.2.27.42
  3. Kremen, V. (2004). The role of science and education in creating the innovation culture of the society. Proceedings from: International conference “Basic research in the modern innovation process: organization, effectiveness, integration”. (pp. 73–80). Kiev: Phoenix [in Ukrainian].
  4. Kremen, V. (2008). The education system in Ukraine: new challenges in the context of knowledge-based society. Proceedings from: International conference “Knowledge-based society: new challenges to science and scientists”. (pp. 92–96). Kiev: Phoenix [in Ukrainian].
  5. Bessalova, T. (2018). The role of higher school in forming future specialists. Proceedings from: International Symposium “The 100th anniversary of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine: the past and the present”. (pp. 139–149). Kiev: Phoenix [in Russian].
  6. Biesov, L.M., Zvonkov, Ye.Yu, (2005). The higher technical school in Ukraine: challenges of Euroinegration. Science and Science of Science,4, 85–93 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Pinchuk, Ye.А. (2008). The Bologna process: European practices of reforming the architechnure of higher education degrees. Science and Science of Science,3, 76–89 [in Ukrainian].
  8. Lovanova, L.S. (2012). Internationalization of training of research staff in developed European countries: problems and lessons. Science and Science of Science, 1, 58–70 [in Russian].
  9. Isakova, N.В. Potential and achievements of higher education research in Ukraine. Science and Science of Science, 2, 90–111 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Bessalova, T.V. (2018). An analysis of the dynamics of the research potential of Kiev Taras Shevchenko National University (1996–2007). Science and Science of Science,1, 113–124 [in Russian].
  11. Bessalova, T.V., Yeremenko, L.I. (2012). Cooperation of research institutions of the NAS of Ukraine and Kiev Taras Shevchenko National University: experiences of interactions in the field of informatics. Science and Science of Science,2, 84–92 [in Russian].
  12. Onopriyenko, V., Onopriyenko, M. (2016). International cooperation in training the staff with high qualifications for priority fields of science and technology. Proceedings from: International Symposium “Interactions of governments and national scientific communities with international organizations for development and utilization of scientific knowledge”. (pp. 78–82). Kiev: “Nash format” [in Russian].
  13. Lytvynko, А.S., Ponomarenko, L.P. (2012). The practice of annual youth conferences on science and technology history. Science and Science of Science,1, 71–80 [in Ukrainian].
  14. Matouŝ, L. (2008). Research, development and involvement of youth in science and technology activities in the Western Czech University. Proceedings from: International conference “Knowledge-based society: new challenges to science and scientists”. (pp. 478–480). Kiev: Phoenix [in Russian].
  15. Luhovyi, V., Sliusarenko, O., TAlanova, Zh. (2017). Academies and universities: the dichotomy of the global research area. Proceedings from: International SymposiumInternational and National Scientific Organizations: A Factor for Building up the Global Scientific Community”. (pp. 184–200). Kiev: “Nash format” [in Ukrainian].
  16. Gusev, А.B. (2012). The modern profile of higher education R&D in Russian and the prospects of its change. Science. Innovations. Education, 12, 28–54 [in Russian].
  17. Gusev, А.B. (2013). The university R&D in Russia: transfer of the Western model and risks of future development. Innovations. Education, 2, 187–210 [in Russian].
  18. Ignatov, I.I. (2012). Evolution of the American university system. Science. Innovations. Education, 12, 55–82 [in Russian]. https://doi.org/10.2753/RES1060-9393550204
  19. Ignatov, I.I. (2012). The role of Bayh – Dole Act – 1980 in the transfer of scientific knowledge from American universities to the corporate sector: results of the thirty years path. Science. Innovations. Education, 12, 159–188 [in Russian].
  20. Djeflat, А. (2009). Universities and scientific research in the Maghreb states: power politics and innovation systems. Int. J. Technology Management, vol. 45, no 1–2. Retrieved from http://www.academia.edu/5621697/Universities_and_scientific_research_in_the_Maghreb_states_power_politics_and_innovation_systems. Retrieved from
  21. Rücker Schaeffer P., Fischer B., Queiroz S. (2018). Beyond Education: The Role of Research Universities in Innovation Ecosystems. Foresight and STI Governance, vol.12, no2, pp. 50–61. https://doi.org/10.17323/2500-2597.2018.2.50.61
  22. Drucker, P.F. (2003). Management Challenges for the 21st Century. Trans. from English. Moscow: Williams, 272 [in Russian].
  23. Tendencies of the global education area. Retrieved from http://uip.uipa.edu.ua/wp-content/uploads/2015/04/%D0%9B%D0%B5%D0%BA%D1%86%D0%B8%D1%8F-2.pdf (date of access 02.04.2018).
  24. Kucherenko, D.H., Martyniuk, O.V. (2011). Development strategies for national education systems. Kyiv: Training Institute for the State Employment Service of Ukraine, 312[in Ukrainian].
  25. Yermachenko, V.Ye., Derikhovska, V.I. (2017). Peculiarities of the higher education system’s transformation in the 21st century. The economy and society, 10, 516–522 [in Ukrainian].
  26. The Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) [Electronic resource]. Retrieved from http://www.oecd.org/edu/education-at-a-glance-19991487.htm (date of access05.2018).
  27. Tovkanets, H. (2013). Economic education in the higher school of Czech Republic and Slovakia in the 21st century. Kyiv: Kondor, 506 [in Ukrainian].
  28. Dubaseniuk, O. (2011). The deveelopment of higher education: tendencies and prospects. Proceedings from: All-Ukrainian Conference “Human centrism as the basis for the humanitarian policy of Ukraine: education, politics, economics, culture”. (pp. 135–142). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  29. Coursera. Rretrieved from https://www.coursera.org (date of access10.2018).
  30. Gluzman, A. Peculiarities of the modern higher education abroad (England, Belgium, France, the U.S., Israel). Retrieved from http://dspace.nbuv.gov.ua/bitstream/ handle/123456789/32811/01-Gluzman.pdf (date of access 12.07.2018).
  31. Vonortas, N. (2017) The Role of Universities in the Knowledge Triangle. Foresight and STI Governance, vol. 11, no 2, pp. 6–8. DOI: 10.17323/2500-2597.2017.2.6.8.
  32. OECD (2018), Main Science and Technology Indicators Volume 2018 Issue 1, OECD Publishing, Paris. Retrieved from https://doi.org/10.1787/msti-v2018-1-en
  33. Scientific and innovation activities in Ukraine: statistical book. Kyiv: State Statistics Service of Ukraine, 2018 [in Ukrainian].
  34. The Law of Ukraine “Higher Education”. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada (BVR), 2014, No37–38, art. 24. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1556-18 [in Ukrainian].
  35. The Law of Ukraine “Science and science and technolgoy activities”. Bulletin of the Verkhovna Rada (BVR), 2016, No3, art. 25. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/848-19 [in Ukrainian].
  36. Porev, S.M. (2012). University and science. Epistemology, methodology and pedagogy of knowledge generation. Kyiv: Khimjest, 384[in Ukrainian].
  37. Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “Approval of the state targeted science and technology and social program “Science in universities” for 2008–2017” from 19.09.2007No 1155. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/1155-2007-%D0%BF (date of access 14.03.2018) [in Ukrainian].
  38. Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “Approval of the Research University Regulation” from 17.02.2010 No 163. Retrieved from http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ [in Ukrainian].
  39. Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “On amendments to Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine from 17.02.2010No 163”. Retrieved from URL: http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ (date of access 14.03.2018) [in Ukrainian]..
  40. Hladchenko,, de Boer, H.F., Westerheijden, D.F. (2016). Establishing research universities in Ukrainian higher education: the incomplete journey of a structural reform. Journal of Higher Education Policy and Management, vol.38, no 2. pp.111–125. https://doi.org/10.1080/1360080X.2016.1150232
  41. Porev, S.M., Sandyha, I.V. (2016). Indicators of R&D, critical for creating Ukrainian research universities. Marketing and management of innovtions, 3, 246–262 [in Ukrainian].
  42. Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “Amendments and invalidation of some acts of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine” from 4.11.2014 No 163. Retrieved from http://zakon1.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/ (date of access 14.03.2018) [in Ukrainian]..
  43. Directive of the Cabinet of Ministers of Ukraine “Some problems of the official appraisal of higher education establishments, pertaining to the scientific (science and technology) activities performed by them” from 22.08.2018 No652. Retrieved from http://zakon.rada.gov.ua/laws/show/652-2018-%D0%BF [in Ukrainian].
  44. Alexievets, M., Alexievets, L. (2014). R&D as part of the reforms in the higher school in the context of the Law of Ukraine “Higher education”. Ukraine Europe World, 14, 3340 [in Ukrainian].
  45. Boublyk, S.H. (2009). Modernization of the national system for formation of the research potential. Strategic priorities, 1, 73–79 [in Ukrainian].
  46. Boublyk, S.H. (2011). Priorities of the science and technology policy in the field of education. Proceedings from: Scientific and practical conference with international contribution “Innovations in public administration: the system integration of education, R&D, and practice”: 2 Vols. Vol. 1 (pp. .276–278). Kyiv: National Academy of Public Administration at the President of Ukraine [in Ukrainian].
  47. Porev, S.M., Sandyha, I.V. (2016). The path of university R&D. Kyiv: Khimjest, 112 [in Ukrainian].

Full Text (PDF)