1 Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine

Nauka naukozn. 2020, 2(108): 125-145


Section: Science and technology history

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article is devoted to S.M. Moskovets, an outstanding Ukrainian agrobiologist and phytovirologist, whose research in mycological and virus diseases made a remarkable contribution in the plant disease control. The source base for the study consists of individual research works by Moscovets, his colleagues and disciples, information and records from editions about the history of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, and recollections of his fellow workers. Because the research legacy of Moskovets was not adequately exposed in reference books and monographs on the history of botany, biology and medicine, the article’s objective is to reproduce the activities of this scientist in various regions of the former USSR (Azerbaijan, and the South of Ukraine) and in the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR, with outlining his contributions in solving the problems of the national significance. It is demonstrated that the research activities of Moskovets covered four periods. In the first period (1930—1934) Moskovets was an associate professor of botanics in Kyiv Zoo-technical Institute and Kyiv Higher Communist Agricultural School, where he explored funguses affecting the wood. During the second period (1934—1952) he worked in Azerbaijan. As this period of his work still remains the least studied one, a detailed reconstruction of the history of his research work in this republic would require a scrutiny of archive records. In Transcaucasian Research Institute of Cotton-Growing Moskovets developed effective measures aimed to control cotton disease control and increase cotton yields. Research in virus disease of cotton that he performed laid the foundations for phytopathology and helped prevent diseases in other economically significant plants, such as sugar beets, maize, tomatoes, potatoes, tobaccos, wheat, beans, soya, lupin, and broad beans. In the third period (1952—1960) Moskovets worked in the Ukrainian Research Institute of Irrigated Farming in the city of Kherson, where he, as the head of the plant protection department of plant protection and deputy director, could continue his research in phytopathology. The fourth period of his work (1960—1971) was the most fruitful one and related with Kyiv and the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. To expand research in plant disease at the enhanced scientific level, in 1960 Moskovets was invited to Danylo Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology, where he created the virology department (renamed in 1963 as the plant virus department), and in 1962 he became the director of Danylo Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology. The article shows this scientist’s contribution in transforming Danylo Zabolotny Institute for Microbiology and Virology into an outstanding broad-skilled research institution and launching virology research in research institutions of Ukraine and other soviet republics. The organizing abilities and pedagogical talents of the scientist are highlighted.

Keywords: virology, plant diseases, phytopathology, agricultural methods, cotton-growing, Institute for Plant Protection of Azerbaijan, Danylo Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology and Virology.


  1. Tereshchenko, T.M., Naumenko, N.F. Moskovets Semen Mykytovych. Encyclopedia of Ukraine. Kyiv, Institute of Encyclopedic Studies. Kyiv, 2018. V. 21 [in Ukrainian].
  2. Semen Moskovets (1900). Retrieved from http://www.calendarium.com.ua/ua/semen_ moskovets (last accessed: 10.12.2019) [in Ukrainian].
  3. Moskovets S.M. Ukrainian Soviet encyclopedia. Vol. 7. Kyiv: URE, 1983, p. 144 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Famous, great, brilliant people. The most interesting about them! Retrieved from http://100v. com.ua/en/Moskovec-Semen-Nikitich-person5 (last accessed: 10.12.2019).
  5. Bobyr, A.D. (1982). Virology. History of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, pp. 400—404 [in Ukrainian].
  6. Paliy, V.M., Khramov, Yu.A. (2018). National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine. Personal composition. 1918—2018. 7th ed. Kyiv: Phoenix, 560 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Kulchitsky, S.V., Pavlenko, Yu.V., Ruda, S.P., Khramov, Yu.A. (2000). History of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine in the political context 1918—1998. Kyiv: Phoenix, 228 [in Ukrainian].
  8. (1970). Team of the Institute. Semen Mykytovych Moskovets (the 70th anniversary of the birth). Microbiological journal, vol. 32, issue 1, pp. 131—132 [in Ukrainian].
  9. (1971). Team of the Institute. Semen Mykytovych Moskovets. Microbiological journal, vol. 33, issue 4, pp. 792—793 [in Ukrainian].
  10. Lipshits, S.Yu. (1950). Russian botanists: (Botanists of Russia — USSR). Biographical and bibliographic dictionary. Vol. 5. Moscow: Publishing House of the Moscow Society of Naturalists, 488 p. [in Russian].
  11. Sytnyk, K.M., Danylova, V.M. (2012). Biological sciences in Ukraine. History of the Ukrainian culture, vol. 5, book 3, pp. 677—713. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka [in Ukrainian].
  12. Sozinov, O.O. (2012). Agricultural sciences. History of the Ukrainian culture, vol. 5, book 3, pp. 738—760. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka [in Ukrainian].
  13. Smirnov, V.V. (1982). Institute of Microbiology and Virusology named after D.K. Zabolotnyi. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 2858 [in Ukrainian].
  14. Microbiology and virusology institute. Ukrainian Soviet encyclopedia, vol. 6, Kyiv: URE, 1981, p. 548 [in Ukrainian].
  15. Moskovets, S.M. (1932). Mushrooms: pests of wood in the warehouse of Bozhenko woodprocessing factory in Kyiv. Newsletter of the Kiev Botanical Garden, XIV, 135—166 [in Ukrainian].
  16. Moskovets, S.M. (1933). Mikroflora of the Ukraine’s South. Newsletter of the Kiev Botanical Garden, XVII, 71—87 [in Ukrainian].
  17. Moskovets, S.M., Panasenko, V.T. (1933). The impact of a complex of fungus of fusarium corn on syrup mixed feed. Baku, 85 p. [in Russian].
  18. Moskovets, S.N., Safarov, Sh.A. (1950). The role of alfalfa in healing the soil from wilting infection (wilt) of cotton. Proceedings of the Azerbaijan Scientific Research Institute of Agriculture, 57, 21—26 [in Russian].
  19. Moskovets, S.N. (1951). Wrinkled mosaic potatoes in Azerbaijan. Bulletin of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR, 7, 27—37 [in Russian].
  20. Moskovets, S.N. (1938). Fungal diseases of cotton bolls. Soviet cotton, 12, 46—47 [in Russian].
  21. Ulyanischev, V.I. (1957). Mycological studies in Azerbaijan. 10 years of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR: proceedings of the Scientific Session, April 23—27, 1955. Publishing House of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR. Baku, 580 p. [in Russian].
  22. Moskovets, S.N. (1937). Cotton viral diseases in Azerbaijan. Leningrad, Plant protection, 14, 192—213 [in Russian].
  23. Taxonavigation of Saxifragales Sectio: P. sect. Paeonia. Subsectio: Paeonia. Foliolatae. Retrieved from https://species.wikimedia.org/wiki.Mosk. (last accessed: 12.11.2019).
  24. International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (Vienna Code). Moscow; St. Petersburg, Partnership of scientific publications of KMK, 2009, 282 p. [in Russian].
  25. Moskovets, S.N. (1944). The biochemistry of cotton in viral diseases. Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR, vol. 9, issue 5, pp. 13—22 [in Russian].
  26. Moskovets, S.N. (1936). The economy of homosis in the Mil steppe of Azerbaijan. Tbilisi, 117 p. [in Russian].
  27. Moskovets, S.N. (1948). Serological methods for the diagnosis of cotton leaf twisting virus. Reports of the Academy of Sciences of the Azerbaijan SSR, vol. 13, issue 9, pp. 386—368 [in Russian].
  28. Babkov, I. (1951). South-Ukrainian and North-Crimean canals and their influence on the transformation of nature. Leningrad: Agricultural Publishing House, 30 p. [in Russian].
  29. Zotiev, A.N., Mokhnoshchekov, I.G. (1964). Abundance channel: North Crimean channel. Simferopol: Krymizdat, 40 p. [in Russian].
  30. Hamaliia, V.M. (2009). Activities of the bacterioses department at Danylo Zabolotny Institute of Microbiology of the Academy of Sciences of the UkrSSR in the postwar period (40—50s of the 20th century). Issues of History of Science and Technology, 1, 19—26 [in Ukrainian].
  31. Moskovets, S.M., Boyko, A.L. (1970). Producing anti-serum to the virus curling leaves of hops. Microbiological journal, vol. 32, issue 3, pp. 220—223 [in Ukrainian].
  32. Boyko, A.L., Mamedova, S.A. (1971). Purification and electron microscopic examination of the hop twisting virus. V1 All-Union Conference on Plant Viral Diseases: a collection of abstracts, vol. 2, p. 169 [in Russian].
  33. Mamedova, S.A., Boyko, A.L., Vasiliev, A.D. (1974). Scanning electron microscopy studies of lupulin hop kernels affected by viral diseases. Biological sciences, 8, 130—136 [in Russian].
  34. Mamedova, S.A., Mikheеva, I.I., Boyko, A.L. (1976). Extraction and investigation of the nucleic acid and the viral infection of the hop mosaic. Microbiological journal, vol. 8, issue 5, pp. 597—600 [in Ukrainian].
  35. Moskovets, S.M., Nesterova, N.V., Menjul, M.I. (1970). Extraction and characterization of DNA of blue-green aquatic plants Anacysticnidulans. Microbiological journal, vol. 32, issue 1, pp. 53—56 [in Ukrainian].
  36. Moskovets, S.M., Kovalenko, O.G., Votselko, S.K. (1970). Physical-chemical characteristic of antiviral drugs, produced from yeast. Microbiological journal, vol. 32, issue 1, pp. 83—87 [in Ukrainian].
  37. Moskovets, S.M., Kraev, V.G., Porebskaya, V.G. (1971). Viruses and virus twigs of legumes in Ukraine. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 136 p. [in Ukrainian].
  38. Moskovets, S.M., Boyko, A.L. (1970). Virus deceases of hops and measures to fight them. Kyiv: Naukova Dumka, 36 p. [in Ukrainian].
  39. Moskovets, S.M. (1970). Some results of work and assignments of D.K. Zabolotnyi Institute of Microbiology and Virology. Microbiological journal, vol. 32, issue 2, pp. 131—133 [in Ukrainian]. 40. Derbentseva, N.A. (1970). The 6th session on problems of phytoncides. Microbiological journal, vol. 32, issue 2, pp. 129—130 [in Ukrainian].
  40. Kavunenko, L.F., Velenteychik, T.N. (2020). Predetermination and unexpectedness. Scientific assays on leaders of citation of science and technology historians. Moscow: YUNITI-DANA, 615 p. [in Russian].

Full Text (PDF)