Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine

Nauka naukozn. 2020, 4(110): 110-129


Section: Science and technology history

Language: Ukrainian

Abstract: The article is devoted to the coverage of the scientific heritage of the outstanding scientist, academician of NAS of Ukraine, Hero of Ukraine S. Koniukhov in museum expositions. Several generations of strategic combat missile systems, launch vehicles and spacecraft have been developed under the guidance or with the direct participation of a scientist in the Yuzhnoye SDO.

The purpose of the research is to determine the peculiarities of popularization of scientific and project activity of the S. Koniukhov with the help of modern museum expositions. The article short reconstructs the evolution from the second half of the twentieth century to date, development and current state of museums, exhibitions, exhibition halls at branch enterprises, museum expositions at educational institutions and private collection funds on space topics. The source base of the study consists of reference books, scientific publications and official websites of space museums in Ukraine, as well as materials first received by the author personally from managers, employees, organizers or owners of 38 modern museums, museum collections, exhibitions and private collections. The current study use of general scientific, interdisciplinary and special historical of research, including analysis, synthesis, classification, problem-chronological, historical-genetic, comparative-historical, inter viewing, questionnaires and surveys.

The article shows the peculiarities of reflection in modern museum expositions of intellectual creative activity of S. Koniukhov and rocket and space technology, created by Yuzhnoye SDO under his leadership or with his direct participation. We have systematized and briefly covered the evolution of state museums, exhibitions, exhibition halls and museum expositions at industry enterprises and educational institutions, as well as private collection funds on space issues in Ukraine since the second half of the twentieth century. to date. The list of modern collections of rocket and space profile of Ukraine was added with the indication of their location and date of creation. It is established that as of April 2020, the history of the development of the domestic rocket and space industry is preserved and covered by 42 museums and expositions of Ukraine. It is substantiated that the historical portrait of the academician of the NAS of Ukraine S. Koniukhov, his role and place in the development of the domestic rocket and space industry are insufficiently covered in the studied collections.

Keywords: S. Koniukhov, museum, museum exposition, museum collection, history of science and technology, history of rocket and space technology, Yuzhnoye SDO, Ukraine.


  1. Federation of Cosmonautics of the SSSR (1999). A brief guide to space museums and museums of other profiles with exhibits on astronautics. Moskow, 28 [in Russian].
  2. Hriffen, L.O., & Konstantynov, V.O. (2008). The Ukrainian Technical Museum. Nizhyn: Aspekt-Polihraf, 170 [in Ukrainian].
  3. Matiash, I. (Ed.) (2010). Archival institutions of Ukraine: a guidebook. Vol. 2: Scientific institutions, museums, libraries: in 2 books. Book 1: NAS of Ukraine, Crimea, Vinnytsia, Volyn, Dnipropetrovsk, Donetsk, Zhytomyr, Zakarpattia, Zaporizhia, Ivano-Frankivsk, Kyiv, Kirovohrad, Luhansk, Lviv, Mykolaiv, Odessa regions. Kyiv – XXVIII, 604 [in Ukrainian].
  4. Haranin, O., Melnychenko, O., Prylepisheva, Yu., & Khrystova, N. (Ed.) (2012). Archival institutions of Ukraine: Guidebook. Vol. 2: Scientific institutions, museums, libraries: in 2 books. Book 2: Poltava, Rivne, Sumy, Ternopil, Kharkiv, Kherson, Khmelnytsky, Cherkasy, Chernivtsi, Chernihiv regions, Kyiv and Sevastopol. Kyiv – XXVII, 602 [in Ukrainian].
  5. Borotkanych, N.P. (2012). Reflection of space exploration by means of museum exposition (by the example of S. Koroliov Museum of Cosmonautics). Extended abstract of candidate’s thesis. Kyiv: National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine, USPHSM, Center of Monuments Research of the NAS of Ukraine and USPHSM [in Ukrainian].
  6. Losinskaya, S.V. (2012). Historical preconditions for the emergence of museums of the history of aviation and cosmonautics in Ukraine since the middle of the twentieth century. Collection of scientific works of Kharkiv National Pedagogical University named after Skovoroda. Series: History and Geography, 43, 196–202 [in Ukrainian].
  7. Losinskaya, S.V. (2012). Historical evolution and current trends in the development of aviation and astronautics museums in Ukraine. Bulletin of the Kharkiv State Academy of Culture, 35, 46–54 [in Ukrainian].
  8. Losinskaya, S.V. (2013). Aircraft and aerospace museums in Ukraine today. Belgorod State University Scientific Bulletin. Series: History. Political Science. Economics. Information technologies, No 8(151), issue 26, 68–73 [in Russian].
  9. Diachuk, I.D. (2017). International Space Museum Council: tasks and prospects. Proceedings from: Scientific and practical conference All-Ukrainian Museum Forum (pp. 131–133). Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi [in Ukrainian].
  10. Voitiuk, O.S. (2018). Coverage of the history of rocket and space technology produced by the State Enterprise Yuzhnoye SDO by means of museum exposition (by the example of S. Korolyov Museum of Cosmonautics). Proceedings from: The 17th All-Ukrainian Scientific Conference «Topical issues the history of science and technology» (pp. 40–42). Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
  11. Voitiuk, O.S. (2019). Representation of the history of the rocket and space industry in modern museum expositions of Ukraine through the prism of intellectual space and scientific and design activities of the academician of NAS of Ukraine S. Koniukhov (1937‑2011). History of Science and Biographical Studies, 3, Retrieved from http://inb.dnsgb.com.ua/2019-3/10.pdf [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020). https://doi.org/10.31073/istnauka201903-10
  12. Web-site of the S. Korolyov Museum of Cosmonautics. http://cosmosmuseum.info Retrieved from http://cosmosmuseum.info/ (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  13. Boltenko, O.S. (2016). On the occasion of the 25th birthday of the Museum of Astronautics History. Kiev Polytechnic, 17, pp. 1, 4, 5 [in Ukrainian].
  14. Vovkodav, S.M. (2014). On the history of the creation of the museum of space in Pereiaslav-Khmelnytsky. Proceedings from: 1st International Scientific and Practical Internet Conference «Challenges and Prospects for the Development of Science at the Beginning of the Third Millennium in Europe and Asia». (pp. 35‑38) Pereiaslav-Khmelnytskyi [in Ukrainian].
  15. Horelova, S.A. (2009) Achievements of the space industry of Ukraine in museums of Kharkov enterprises. Bulletin of the National Technical University “Kharkiv Politechnic Institute”. Kharkiv: NTU «KhPI», 29, 26‑36. [in Russian].
  16. Pistolenko, I.O. (Ed.) (2008). Poltava Aviation and Space Museum: a guide. Poltava: Skaitek, 86. [in Ukrainian].
  17. Web-site of the National aerospace educational center of youth. http://www.unaec.dp.ua Retrieved from http://www.unaec.dp.ua/presentation_1/nvk.htm [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  18. Web-site of the State Polytechnic Museum of the National Technical University of Ukraine «I. Sikorsky Polytechnic Institute». Retrieved from https://museum.kpi.ua Retrieved from https://museum.kpi.ua/museum/space/ [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  19. Web-site of the Poltava Aviation and Space Museum. Retrieved from https://airandspace.com.ua/ [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  20. Web-site of the Museum of Strategic Missile Forces. http://nvimu.com.ua. Retrieved from https://rvsp.net.ua/ [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  21. Web-site of the Voronovicy Museum of History of Aviation and Space. https://voronavia.at.ua. Retrieved from https://voronavia.at.ua/news/voronovicja/2009-10-28-2 [in Ukrainian] (last accessed : 03.03.2020).
  22. Web-site of the Museum portal. https://museum-portal.com. Retrieved from https://museum-portal.com/ua/museums [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  23. Web-site of the Yu. Gagarin Kharkiv Planetarium. http://planetarium-kharkov.org. Retrieved from http://planetarium-kharkov.org/?q=museum-ufo [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  24. Web-site of the PJSC «HARTRON». http://www.hartron.com.ua. Retrieved from http://www.hartron.com.ua/uk/content/музей-пат-«хартрон» (last accessed: 03.03.2020) [in Russian].
  25. Web-site of the State enterprise «T. Shevchenko Kharkiv instrument-making plant». https://zish.com.ua. Retrieved from https://zish.com.ua/muzej-zavodu-im-t-g-shevchenka/ [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  26. Web-site of the O. Honchar Dnipro National University. http://www.dnu.dp.ua. Retrieved from http://www.dnu.dp.ua/view/historymuseum [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  27. Web-site of the P. Popovich Bila Tserkva Technical College. https://bptu.kiev.ua. Retrieved from https://bptu.kiev.ua/muzei [in Ukrainian] (last accessed : 03.03.2020).
  28. Web-site of the I. Kozhedub Kharkiv National University of the Air Force. http://www.hups.mil.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://www.hups.mil.gov.ua/nevidomi-storinki-istorii-aviacii-ta-protipovitryanoi-oboroni-ukraini-vidteper-v-muzei-universitetu/ [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  29. Web-site of the European Virtual Computer Museum “The History of Development of Computer Science and Technologies in Ukraine” http://www.icfcst.kiev.ua. Retrieved from http://www.icfcst.kiev.ua/MUSEUM/PHOTOS/Af-Kon_u.html [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  30. Web-site of the Rivne museum http://museum.rv.gov.ua. Retrieved from http://museum.rv.gov.ua/news/2020/04/13/kosmos-i-rivnenshina-do-dnya-aviaciyi-ta-komonavti/ [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  31. Web-site of the M. Zhukovsky National Aerospace University “Kharkiv Aviation Institute” https://khai.edu/ua. Retrieved from https://khai.edu/ua/university/galereya/muzej-hai/ [in Ukrainian] (last accessed: 03.03.2020).
  32. Letter of the President of the Academy of Sciences of the Ukrainian SSR B. Paton for the Department of Defense Industry of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Ukraine. The Central State Archive of Public Associations of Ukraine, form 1, register 25, case 559, sheets 193‑195 [in Russian].
  33. Koniukhov, S.N. (Ed.) (2009). Called Up by Time. From Confrontation to International Cooperation. Dnepropetrovsk: Art‑Press [in Russian].
  34. Sanin. F.P., Dzhur, Ye.O., Kuchma, L.D. & Khutornyi, V.V. (2002). Development of rocket and space technology in Ukraine. Dnipropetrovsk: Art-Press [in Ukrainian].
  35. Bulat, A.F. (Ed.) (2007). Stanislav Koniukhov Bio-bibliography of Ukrainian scientists. Kyiv: Naukova dumka, 88 [in Russian].
  36. Degtyarev, A.V. (Ed.) (2012). Stanislav Koniukhov. On the occasion of the 75th birthday. Dnepropetrovsk: Art-Press, 256 [in Russian].
  37. Degtyarev, A.V. (Ed.) (2018). Yuzhnoye, the Lot of Mine: A Photobiography of Stanislav Koniukhov. Kyiv: Space-Inform, 216.

Full Text (PDF)