1 Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine

Nauka naukozn. 2022, 3(117): 51–67

Section: Problems of the development of science and technology potential
Language: Ukrainian
Abstract: Advanced strategies for organization of research and human resource building are analyzed by the best examples selected from 140 academies of sciences and academy institutions from 120 countries. A comparison of activities and strategies of leading academy organizations from different regions of the globe is made.

It is shown that the Chinese Academy of Sciences features the effectiveness of the strategy based on national traditions, especially key laboratories, and on human resource building with reliance on the domestic education system. It is demonstrated on several examples that similar strategies are pursued, with certain specifics, by institutions of Korean Republic, Japan and other Asian countries. However, the strategy for research pursued by Max Planck Society for Advancement of Science is creating research institutions supervised by scientific leaders, either internal or invited of any country. Currently, 40 % of directors and leading specialists Max Planck Society institutes come from abroad, and the share of foreigners among doctoral students reaches 80 %. Scientific leaders taking administrative positions in Max Planck Society institutes are allowed to independently determine activities of the institutes created by them, with closing other ones with outdated thematic coverage. The strategy aimed at advancement of research through engaging best specialist, including foreign ones, is also pursued by the Royal Society of London and other academy institutions in the West. The outstanding role of the Institute for Advanced Study (Princeton, U.S.) in the development of the global research system is highlighted from the perspective of its being a best practice of implementing the principle of academic freedom. The importance of young academies and rising the women’s representation in academy organizations in implementing the modern principles of research, namely equal opportunities and diversity in searching for a novelty in nature and society, is emphasized. So, academy institutions in East and West, given certain distinctions in the strategies of research and human resource building, nowadays are focused on searching and supporting talents. Other matters of their concern are the diversity of research effort, equal opportunities for all researchers, especially women and young people, and support of freely chosen research topics.

Keywords: strategy, academy research, research and development, basic research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Max Planck Society for Advancement of Science, young academy, academy of sciences, research youth.


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