SOLOMON ІSAKOVYCH PEKAR AND HIS ACADEMIC SCHOOL (The 100th anniversary since the birthday)
1 Yu.O. KHRAMOV
1 G.M. Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NAS of Ukraine
Nauka naukozn. 2017, 4(98): 107-121
Section: Science and Technology History
Abstract: Distinctive qualities of S.I. Pekar, an outstanding Ukrainian theoretical physicist, as a scientist, a human and a teacher are shown, i. e. as a scientific leaders who laid the foundation for creating a large and powerful theoretical school in physics of solid body in Kyiv in 50—60s of the past century. The contribution of S.I. Pekar in his school is physics is highlighted. The personal composition of his school is given.
Keywords: Institute of Physics, Institute of Semiconductor Physics, semiconductors, polaron, autolocalization, crystals, crystal lattice, exciton, absorption of light.