INNOVATION COOPERATION BETWEEN UNIVERSITIES AND BUSINESS: THE EXPERIENCE OF UKRAINE
Dobrov Institute for Scientific and Technological Potential and Science History Studies of the NАS of Ukraine
Nauka naukozn. 2022, 2(116): 24–47
Section: Science and Innovation-driven Development of Economy and Society
Abstract: The article is devoted to the study of the problems of innovation cooperation between universities and business in the context of the open innovation paradigm. The main sources of information for the analysis are scientific publications on this issue, data from state statistics of Ukraine on innovation activities of enterprises, electronic sources of information of authorities and Ukrainian universities. A review of previous research indicates a change in the role of modern universities: in addition to education and research, they are increasingly involved in innovation, social and economic projects.
The general political and macroeconomic situation in Ukraine and the unfavourable business environment lead to a low innovation activity of enterprises. Statistical analysis showed that the share of innovation enterprises in 2018—2020 was the lowest (8.5 %) for all years of observation, and the share of innovation enterprises involved in innovation cooperation with external partners was 65 %. Entrepreneurs are not inclined to establish partnerships with universities: only 5.6 % of innovation enterprises cooperate with universities.
A performance analysis of the Ukrainian universities with top positions in the national ranking allowed us to trace a positive trend: higher education institutions seek to expand contacts and cooperation with the real sector of the economy to intensify innovation. Examples of organizational forms of cooperation between universities and business are given. These include science and technology parks, technology transfer centres, business incubators, online information systems, online platforms and other tools.
It was emphasized, that the establishment of productive relations between enterprises and universities of the country can contribute to the innovation of both components of the national innovation system, especially given the high educational potential of Ukraine. It is concluded, that it is necessary to create coordination structures on the interaction of higher education institutions and innovation enterprises in order to successfully implement joint projects to create and implement innovative developments and knowledge-intensive technologies, and develop high-tech industries. It is emphasized, that the national innovation system cannot develop effectively, only based on the initiatives of individual organizations and enterprises, and therefore the state should play a key role in creating favourable conditions for cooperation between universities and enterprises. Ukraine’s state innovation policy currently lacks consistency in the adoption and implementation of laws on science, education and innovation
Keywords: universities, higher education establishments, research and development, innovating enterprises, national innovation system, innovation cooperation, Ukraine.
- Banu, G.S. (2018). Open innovation model: enabling the market uptake of innovation. Procedia Manufacturing, 22, 893–899. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2018.03.126
- Chesbrough, H. (2012). Open Innovation: Where We’ve Been and Where We’re Going. Research-Technology Management, 55, 20–27. https://doi.org/10.5437/08956308X5504085
- Bellucci, A., & Pennacchio, L. (2016). University knowledge and firm innovation: evidence from European countries. Journal of Technology Transfer, 41 (4), 730–752. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10961-015-9408-9
- Nelson, R., & Winter, S. (1982). An Evolutionary Theory of Economic Change. Belknap Press of Harvard University Press, Cambridge, Massachusetts.
- Lundvall, B.-A. (Ed.). (1992). National Systems of Innovation: Towards a Theory of Innovation and Interactive Learning. Pinter Publishers, London.
- Nelson, R. (1993). National Innovation Systems. Oxford UP, Oxford.
- Rybnicek, R. & Königsgruber, R. (2019). What makes industry – university collaboration succeed? A systematic review of the literature. Journal of Business Economics, 89 (2), 221– 250. https://doi.org/10.1007/s11573-018-0916-6
- Quintana, C.D.D., Mora, J.-G., Pérez, P.J., et al. (2016). Enhancing the development of competencies: The role of UBC. European Journal of Education, 51 (1), 10–24. https://doi.org/10.1111/ejed.12162
- Orazbayeva, B., Plewa, C., Davey, T. & Galán-Muros, V. (2019). The Future of University-Business Cooperation: Research and Practice Priorities. Journal of Engineering and Technology Management, 54, 67–80. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jengtecman.2019.10.001
- Vega Jurado, J. M., Kask, S., & Manjarrés-Henriquez, L. (2017). University industry links and product innovation: cooperate or contract? Journal of Technology Management & Innovation, 12 (3), 1–8. https://doi.org/10.4067/S0718-27242017000300001
- Abbas, A., Avdic, A., Chang Barker, K., & Xiaobao, P. (2018). Knowledge transfer from universities to industry through university technology transfer offices. Science and Innovation, 14 (2), 5–18. https://doi.org/10.15407/scine14.02.005
- Lalic, B., Todorovic, T., Medic, N., Bogojevic, B., Ciric, D., & Marjanovic, U. (2019). The Impact of Inter-Organizational Cooperation on R&D Expenditure of Manufacturing Companies. Procedia Manufacturing, 39, 1401–1406. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.promfg.2020.01.315
- Sanchez-Navas, A., & Ferras-Hernandez, X. (2015). The Impact of Individual Relationships on Performance and Reformation of R&D Alliances. Journal of Industrial Engineering and Management, 8 (4), 1270–1287. https://doi.org/10.3926/jiem.1553
- Galan-Muros, V., & Plewa, C. (2015). What drives and inhibits university-business cooperation in Europe? A comprehensive assessment. R&D Management, 46 (2), 369–382. https://doi.org/10.1111/radm.12180
- Strelina, O.M. (2013). Innovative development of Ukraine’s economy: problems and prospects. Effective economy, 7. URL: http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=2166 (last accessed: 6.12.2021) [in Ukrainian].
- Pavlenko, I.A. (2007). Innovative entrepreneurship in the transformational economy of Ukraine. Кyiv: Kyiv National Economic University [in Ukrainian].
- Novikova, I., Stepanova, A., Zhylinska, O., & Bediukh, O. (2020). Knowledge and technology transfer networking platforms in modern research universities. Innovative Marketing, 16 (1), 57–65. https://doi.org/10.21511/im.16(1).2020.06
- Novikova, I.E., Bedyukh, O.R., & Zenova, M.V. (2016). Development of technology transfer system at Taras Shevchenko National University of Kyiv in the context of European integration. Bulletin of Kyiv National University of Technologies and Design, 2 (97). URL: http://nbuv.gov.ua/UJRN/Vknutd_2016_2_8 (last accessed: 15.01.2022) [in Ukrainian].