1 Center for Systemic Analysis and Strategic Studies at the Belarusian National Academy of Sciences

 Nauka naukozn. 2019, 4(106): 24-36

Section: Vital problems of modern science
Language: Russian
Abstract: The article considers the problem of identifying and systematizing the categorial means necessary to analyze the technological chains of cognition used in the scientific and technical domain. The article’s main goal is to demonstrate how such chains differ among themselves depending on a) the chain’s structural characteristics; b) topics and genre of scientific discourse in whose framework a specific chain is used. A discourse analysis of various types of technological chains of cognition (a logic scheme, a knowledge continuity chain, a science-intensive closed cycle technology; global, related and captive value chains) is carried out based on the material of scientific discourses differing in subject and genre (a collective scientific monograph, a correspondent article in a scientific newspaper, a topical article in a scientific journal); those technological chains of cognition underpin the mechanism of operation of both the traditional disciplinary science and contemporary technoscience. Noted are recent changes in the composition of the said technological chains of cognition arising out of the transition from traditional disciplinary science to contemporary technoscience. It is hypothesized that the most sophisticated mechanism of contemporary technoscience operation and the latest technological chains of cognition underpinning it can be identified and described through the use of widely understood categorial analysis that employs philosophical categories, generic scientific categorial concepts and concrete scientific categorial concepts. The generic and specific components of the mentioned categorial tools are disclosed. A specific example of running a comprehensive categorial analysis of the mechanism of operation of contemporary technoscience and the technological chains of cognition underpinning it.

 Keywords: disciplinary science, contemporary technoscience, technologic chains of cognition, philosophic category, generic scientific categorial concept, concrete scientific categorial concept.


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