THE PLATFORM ECONOMY OF SPATIAL BUSINESS ECOSYSTEMS: AN INNOVATIVE TREND OF THE SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
1 I.К. BYSTRIAKOV,
1 D.V. KLYNOVYI
1 Institute of Environmental Economics and Sustainable Development of the National Academy of Sciences of Ukraine
Nauka naukozn. 2019, 3(105): 3-25
Section: Development of science and technology potential
Abstract: The conceptual framework for building up modern spatial business ecosystems on the basis of nature assets and by use of means and mechanisms of the platform economy in the context of the fourth industrial revolution is analyzed. The essence of the business ecosystem approach to setting up interactions between the state power, business and population on the basis of information and technological platforms designed for network collaboration of economic actors in using nature assets is defined. The range of potential actors of spatial business ecosystems is outlined. The basis features and drivers of the platform economy are highlighted. A four quadrant spatial-time model for streamlining the sustainable development with the non-linear management cycle “motivation” — “projecting” — “activities” — “result”, based on the projective approach, is proposed. Four main phases in creating business ecosystems — economic management phase, project phase, program phase and platform phase — are analyzed in its context. Basic publicprivate formats for management of sustainable spatial development, including contractual cooperation of the state power and business and collaborative business activities in creating public-private enterprises are proposed as part of the platform approach in organizing the operation of spatial business ecosystems. The need for the transition from management of nature resources as “branches of nature use” to management of the operation of complex spatial economic entities that include all the categories of nature resources is substantiated. It is demonstrated that the innovative system of relations between main users and managers of nature assets has to develop through adopting management schemes for structural-project management of nature assets and project financing by use of advanced on-line platforms for interactions between the state power, local self-governance bodies, business and broader community at municipal, regional and cross-regional spatial level. The need for special emphasis on elaborating advanced mechanisms for management of economic development, which would be alternative to the direct government influences, is justified, including the development of partner relations between business and state power, with business acting as initiator and founder of various types of collaborative activities involving nature assets on a par with state-owned and municipal entities; the network collaboration of business entities, with the public sector delegating the responsibilities to professional managers in the business sector by way of contractual relations or by creating special institutes with the institutional autonomy from the state; the instruments for delegated management of nature use.
Keywords: business ecosystem, sustainable development, spatial management, platform economy.
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